Last updated January 7, 2024

Having your car converted for the disabled: Guide, costs, grants (2024)

New and used car purchases including grants, suitable vehicles, conversion options and much more

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Table of contents

Vehicle conversion for the disabled

A compact summary of the path to a vehicle suitable for the disabled in just a few steps: People with physical disabilities are often restricted in their mobility. Depending on the severity of the disability, it may be necessary to modify the car to make it suitable for the disabled. Some conversions can make driving more comfortable even for people with a lesser degree of disability or at an advanced age. We will inform you about possible subsidies, various conversion options and recommended vehicles that are particularly suitable for extensive adaptations.

Step-by-step instructions for a successful disabled-friendly vehicle conversion:

  1. The Motor Vehicle Assistance Ordinance (KfzVo) regulates which services are subsidized
  2. Funding is available for the purchase of a new or used vehicle and the conversion of a vehicle for the disabled
  3. The acquisition of a driving license is also supported
  4. Driving license for people with disabilities
  5. Hearing impairment and driving
  6. Driving with epilepsy and cerebral seizures
  7. Vehicle conversion wheelchair - Vehicle conversion for wheelchair users
  8. Cars for the disabled: buy new or convert?
  9. Disabled discount when buying a car
  10. Parking for people with disabilities
  11. Public transport and rail travel for people with disabilities

Vehicle conversion for disabled people: New car and vehicle conversion necessary? Buying a new or used car for disabled people? Driving a car for the disabled:


People who are affected by a physical impairment are often confronted with mobility restrictions. According to the German constitution, all people are equal before the law, including people with disabilities. For this group, their own mobility is of crucial importance in order to be able to actively participate in daily life.


However, due to physical limitations, many people with disabilities are unable to drive a conventional car independently. Some do not have the necessary strength in their arms and hands to operate a steering wheel, while others cannot reach the pedals or are in a wheelchair. Nevertheless, many forms of physical impairment can be compensated for by driving aids and special conversions. It will be necessary to check whether a new car can be adapted for the disabled. This raises the question of which subsidies are possible, which conversion options exist and which cars are particularly suitable for more extensive adaptations.


In order to enable participation in road traffic, certain aspects must be taken into account when converting a car for the disabled. The question arises as to where vehicle conversions for the disabled can be carried out and whether subsidies are available to provide financial support for the conversion. The focus is on improving mobility for people with disabilities and making it easier for them to actively participate in social life. In this guide, you will find all the information you need to have a vehicle conversion carried out to make it suitable for the disabled. Whether you need a wheelchair-accessible vehicle conversion, a vehicle conversion for paraplegics, or a vehicle conversion for people with short stature or MS, we provide you with transparent and comprehensive information on all conversion options for every diagnosis, on grants and applications, on suitable accessible vehicles and much more.


By the way, you can find a list of all vehicle converters throughout Germany and in your region here:

Step-by-step instructions: Overview

Regardless of the degree of disability, it is advisable to follow a structured path before purchasing a motor vehicle or making the necessary disability-friendly conversion. Here are the essential steps:


  1. Obtaining a medical opinion: In the case of more severe disabilities and uncertainties regarding the technical adaptation options, we will be happy to clarify any questions you may have.
  2. Issue of a driving fitness certificate from DEKRA or TÜVBased on the medical report and with the involvement of experts, the technical adaptations, requirements and recommendations for your vehicle are determined in order to ensure safe driving for your specific physical disability.
  3. Entry of the specified positions in the driving license documentThe driving license office enters the specified items from the fitness to drive report in your driving license documents. In many cases, this is particularly useful after these items have been confirmed, amended or supplemented in practice - possibly only after your own car has been completed.
  4. Checking the cost units (vehicle conversion health insurance): If you have a funding body that approves financial assistance and the assumption of costs for disability-related additional equipment, submit the relevant applications together with cost estimates before purchasing the vehicle. Possible cost bearers can be BfA, LVA, employment offices, main welfare offices, professional associations or pension offices. Please note that health insurance companies do not generally finance vehicle conversions.
  5. Await notification of approval from the funding body: Once you have received approval from the funding body, nothing stands in the way of purchasing a vehicle. We will be happy to advise you and recommend suitable vehicle types for your specific disability.
  6. Disability-related vehicle conversion with DEKRA certificateOur vehicle conversions are then provided with an individual DEKRA certificate to ensure safety and compliance with official regulations.
  7. No cost unit available? If no cost bearer is available, you can still go ahead with the vehicle purchase. In this case, we will also be on hand to advise you and recommend suitable vehicle types for your specific disability. The disability-related vehicle conversion is also carried out with an individual DEKRA certificate.

Who is entitled to a wheelchair-accessible car?

In principle, it is possible for anyone with physical limitations to adapt their own vehicle accordingly. Vehicle conversions for people with disabilities have become the norm and can be carried out throughout Germany. Even older individuals who find it difficult to get in and out of the car, for example, can increase comfort with minor modifications and thus make daily life easier. In such cases, there are also special vehicles that are specially designed to meet the needs of older people.


However, if subsidies or financial support for the conversion or purchase of a vehicle come into play, certain conditions must be met:


  1. Severe disability: Permanent severe disability according to specifications, e.g. the Motor Vehicle Assistance Ordinance (KfzHV) or similar.
  2. Driving ability: Ability to drive the car yourself. Alternatively, another person/driver can drive the car for you. The person concerned must have the cognitive and motor skills to drive a vehicle.
  3. Gainful employment: Full or at least partial pursuit of gainful employment. There is at least partial earning capacity in an employment relationship subject to social insurance contributions. This excludes mini-jobs.
  4. Trainees, students and unemployed people with the prospect of a job are also eligible for funding
  5. Proof of use: Proof of permanent use of the car, in particular for the journey to the place of training or work. The vehicle is needed to reach the workplace or place of training (a vehicle for frequent drivers could be an advantage, especially for longer journeys to work)
  6. Note for home office work: funding possible if the car is needed for the delivery or collection of goods or regular journeys to the employer
  7. Parents of disabled children: Parents of a disabled child are also entitled to a car allowance
  8. The income limit has been observed and is within this limit.

The requirements of points 1 and 2 often require an additional expert opinion, as proof of a degree of disability of 100 and the AG mark must often be provided. Point 2 often requires an expert opinion in accordance with § 11 of the Driving License Ordinance to ensure that the person concerned can meet the necessary requirements for driving a vehicle.

Which benefit provider is responsible for the subsidy for disabled driving?

Visual representation of all service providers and groups of people: Vehicle conversion for the disabled Cost unit


xxx Disabled driving schools and car conversions

Have your vehicle converted for the disabled: What requirements must be met?

Successfully converting a vehicle for the disabled always requires precise knowledge of the abilities and limitations of the person concerned. This is the only way to adapt the vehicle precisely to the individual's needs - a decisive factor for a disabled vehicle.


Various expert opinions are required to ensure that the vehicle conversion is really suitable for the disabled. These include in particular


  • Medical report
  • Suitability report
  • Expert opinion in accordance with § 11 of the Driving License Ordinance (FeV)

With these expert reports available, the specialist can then make a well-founded decision as to how the disability-friendly car conversion can be tailored precisely to the person's needs and which specific driving aids are required.

Is there a subsidy for the conversion of cars for the disabled or the purchase of new and used cars?

There are three different types of grants for physically disabled people under the Motor Vehicle Assistance Ordinance (KfzHV). Support is provided for people who cannot reasonably be expected to reach their place of work by public transport. The restriction, however, is that the vehicle conversion grant for the disabled is partly dependent on the level of income. Disabled vehicle conversion cost coverage:


  1. Financial subsidy for the purchase of a new car:

The assessment amount corresponds to the purchase price of the vehicle, whereby a maximum amount of EUR 22,000 applies (from application from 10.6.2021). Until 2023, EUR 9,500 applied as a guideline. There is the possibility of exceptions if the purchase of a more expensive vehicle is absolutely necessary due to the severity of the disability.


Motor vehicle assistance for the purchase of a car is granted as a subsidy and is based on net income. If you buy a used vehicle, it must be worth half the new price. In the following graphic you will find a visual representation of all grants in nine segments depending on your income.


Many car manufacturers also offer discounts for people with disabilities. You can find a list here:

discount2 Disabled driving schools and car conversions
discount1 Disabled driving schools and car conversions

If the vehicle price corresponds to this and your income is correspondingly low, practically the entire value of the vehicle is covered. Otherwise, it is a subsidy in the aforementioned amount. This only relates to the price of the vehicle and does not include the cost of any conversions. In certain individual cases, the amount granted may be higher. However, this should be clarified individually during the application process (application for a car suitable for the disabled), for example with the statutory pension insurance, accident insurance or the employment agency.




If you have to bear financial responsibility for one or more family members, an amount of currently EUR 395 per dependent to be supported will be deducted from your net income. This reduces your monthly net income, which in turn leads to an increase in the allowance. If you already own a vehicle, the market value of this vehicle is taken into account. Here is a concrete example:


Sample calculation shown graphically and visually:

Green Beige Minimalist Wedding List 1 Disabled Driving Schools and Car Conversion

2. subsidy for vehicle conversion for the disabled:


If you already own a vehicle but it does not meet the required disability access requirements, you have the option of submitting an application. The positive thing about this is that the costs for the disability-friendly conversion are covered in full, regardless of your income. Up to 1,636 euros are reimbursed for the installation of an automatic gearbox, while up to 1,074 euros can be paid for other additional equipment and driving assistants.


3. subsidy for a disabled driver's license


If a person with a disability wishes to obtain a driving license that is required for compelling reasons, it is possible to apply for financial support. However, this is dependent on net income. The support is structured as follows, depending on income:


  • With an income of up to EUR 1,320, the costs of the driver's license are covered in full.
  • With an income of up to 1,810 euros, two thirds of the costs are covered.
  • With an income of up to 2,470 euros, one third of the costs are covered.

You can find out more about disabled driving licenses here in our large and comprehensive guide to obtaining or converting a driving license for people with disabilities, including grants, applications, all the necessary Steps and valuable tips on saving money. 

How much does it cost to convert a vehicle for the disabled?

As already emphasized, the needs of the person concerned must come first if a car is to be adapted for the disabled. The requirements vary depending on the type of disability, be it a wheelchair user or a person with a walking disability or short stature. Vehicle conversions for disabled people cost from EUR 2,000 for pedal relocations up to EUR 12,000 for complete conversions. 


Wheelchair-accessible vehicle conversion: For wheelchair users who can still get out of their wheelchair, solutions such as a swivel seat or a sliding board are available to make it easier to get into the vehicle. For people who have to sit in a wheelchair permanently, lifting systems or ramps make it possible to convert the disabled vehicle so that the wheelchair can easily get into the car and driving in a wheelchair is possible.


For people of small stature, an access aid is the right solution, as are stand-up aids, an extended seat rail and seat height adjustment.


Certain requirements must be met for the car to be suitable for conversion for the disabled. Wheelchair users who are unable to leave the vehicle often prefer a van that offers sufficient space.


Converting a car for the disabled is not just limited to structural modifications, but also includes vehicle technology. Installing an automatic transmission or equipping the car with hand throttle for the disabled person are common options when converting a vehicle. In addition, levers, pedals or steering columns are often relocated, new seats are installed and electronic aids such as steering aids, foot steering systems or a rotary knob or steering fork can be used to make driving easier.


Costs for adapting vehicles for people with disabilities as passengers:


  1. Entry aids for cars (passenger car, panel van, bus or van): Start from 1214€.
  2. Mechanical swivel seats: Available for the front (front passenger) or rear (passenger) area, from €3875.

  3. Electronic swivel seats: Available for the front or rear, from €7956.

  4. Wheelchair lift for cars (Ladeboy/Smart Lifter): Start from 4590€.

  5. Rear cut-out (including flap and belts): Starting from €7140.

  6. Conversion of buses: Includes a folding ramp and a rail and belt system, from €3113.

  7. Seat rail extension: The costs vary between 500 and 2100€.

Costs for the adaptation of vehicles for self-drivers with disabilities:


  1. Steering aids in various designs, including control unit: Starting from €2855.

  2. Wheelchair-accessible conversion: This includes a loading device, a hand control, a pedal cover, a tailgate belt and a steering wheel rotary knob, from €19575.

  3. Conversion for people with slight physical leg impairments: This includes a wheelchair lift / wheelchair lift for the car, a steering wheel rotary knob and a hand control, from €6836.

  4. Conversion for people of short stature: Includes a pedal raiser, a footwell raiser, a seat cushion, a back section, a headrest and a tailgate belt, from €1025.

  5. Seat rail extension: The costs vary between 500 and 2100€.

  6. Seat with support: Starting from 3876€.

  7. Transfer aid / stand-up aid: Available from €1122.

These are only examples from historical conversions and actual prices may vary slightly or significantly depending on diagnosis, car type and model. 

Which cars are suitable for a disabled-friendly vehicle conversion?

There is no single answer to this question, as the choice of suitable vehicle depends heavily on the individual nature and severity of the impairment. If mobility is only slightly restricted, a small car with a step or steering aid may be perfectly adequate without the need for extensive vehicle adaptation. In some cases, it is even possible that no modifications to the vehicle are necessary at all.


For people with walking disabilities who are dependent on a wheelchair, vehicles with generous space and the ability to easily load the wheelchair are particularly suitable. These include, in particular, vans or high-roof estate cars with wide-opening tailgates or sliding doors. The low loading sill of these vehicles also makes them particularly appealing for senior citizens. Below you will find a list of vehicles that are particularly suitable for extensive adaptations.


Used cars are of course much cheaper. It also makes sense to obtain information from our partner conversion companies, as they often also have a stock of converted used cars.





  • Opel Combo-e Life €31,476
  • Opel Zafira-e Life €47,432
  • Citroen e-Berlingo €28,454
  • Ford Tourneo Connect € 25,647
  • Ford Grand Tourneo € 27,945
  • Mercedes T-Class €29,813
  • Peugeot e-Rifter €31,809
  • Renault Kangoo 23.292 €

In principle, the following vehicles can be converted for disabled access, whether new or used:


  • Private vehicles
  • Motorcycles
  • Buses
  • Sports car
  • SUVs
  • Municipal vehicles
  • Motorhomes
  • Caravan
  • Construction vehicles
  • Agricultural vehicles
  • Vintage car
  • Many more private cars and commercial vehicles

Disabled vehicle conversion for self-drivers (active drivers)

As a driver with active steering ability, you have the option of driving your vehicle independently and participating in road traffic independently and flexibly despite physical impairments. Karosserie Reisinger offers conversions for your car to enable you to drive your vehicle yourself.

active driver conversion Disabled driving schools and car conversions
  • Hand-held control units for accelerator and brake: These special control elements enable simple and precise operation of the accelerator and brake to ensure safe vehicle control for people with limited hand or foot mobility.
  • Accelerator pedal relocation (left throttle) to the left: The individual adjustment of the accelerator pedal to the left creates space and makes it easier for people with certain disabilities to operate the vehicle.
  • Pedal covers: Used as a safety element. Also enables people without disabilities to ride.
  • Multifunctional rotary knobsThese innovative rotary knobs offer a variety of functions that are particularly helpful for people with various mobility impairments. For example, for accelerator, brake, horn, windshield wipers, lights and indicators in one device, controllable with one hand.
  • CommanderThe Commander system enables comprehensive vehicle operation via a central control element, which gives people with complex impairments in particular more autonomy.
  • Wheelchair loading systemsSpecial systems for safe and efficient loading of wheelchairs to ensure barrier-free access to the vehicle.
  • Steering aidsIndividual steering aids make it easier for people with limited strength or mobility to steer the vehicle. Usually in the form of a rotary knob, trident or steering fork.
  • Mouth tax: Customized production
  • Lever extension: Especially for people with shortened arms
  • Seat adapter: Transfer comfortably from the wheelchair to the driver or passenger seat in the minibus
  • Boarding aidsThese systems make it easier to get in and out of the vehicle, especially for people with reduced mobility.
  • Removable and foldable sliding boards and transfer aids
    • Electrically height-adjustable swivel seats and swivel seats
    • Electric swivel lift seats
    • Wheelchair lifts
    • Wheelchair ramps
  • Swivel and lift swivel seats: Seat adjustment makes it easier to get in and out of the vehicle and creates additional comfort during the journey.
  • Personnel lifterSpecial devices for lifting and lowering people to facilitate the transfer between wheelchair and vehicle.
  • Driver's seat and pedal adaptations for people of short statureTailor-made adaptations to give people with short stature a comfortable and safe riding experience. For example, pedal attachments and pedal extensions.
  • Electronic and smooth-running driving systems for people with muscular dystrophy and tetraplegia: Innovative design of driving systems tailored to the needs of people with muscular dystrophy or tetraplegia to enable effortless driving.

Vehicle conversion for disabled passengers (passive driver)

As a passenger, you take a seat in the car, be it in the front passenger seat, on the back seat or in your own wheelchair. We carry out adaptations to cars, vans and minibuses to ensure barrier-free transportation for you.


  • Entry aids:
    • Electrically height-adjustable swivel seats and swivel seats
    • Electric swivel lift seats
    • Wheelchair lifts
    • Wheelchair ramps
    • Sliding boards, removable and foldable
  • Seat adapter: Transfer comfortably from the wheelchair to the driver or passenger seat in the minibus
  • Personnel lifterSpecial devices for lifting and lowering people to facilitate the transfer between wheelchair and vehicle.
Passive driver conversion Disabled driving schools and car conversion

Examples of retrofitting for certain impairments (by diagnosis)

Arm and hand restrictions:


Driving with restricted arms and hands requires special considerations both when selecting the vehicle and when retrofitting certain equipment options. Here are some aspects to consider:


Open doors:


  • Electric remote controls enable the automatic opening and closing of vehicle doors and tailgates.
  • Handles should have matching shapes on the door surface and on the inside of the door.



  • Reinforced side edges on the seat and backrest of the original seat can be helpful.
  • Please note that retrofitted seats with ergonomic features, such as reinforced side edges, may be harder than the original seats.



  • Rotary knobs, rotary forks or single/triple tines can be attached to the steering wheel and provide support for finger function, hand amputation or tetraplegia as required.
  • Power steering, reinforced if necessary, is particularly helpful when there is little strength in the arms and hands.
  • Linear lever steering, electronic steering aids and foot steering systems offer alternative steering options.



  • Shift lever extensions make it easier to reach shift levers, gearshifts and automatic selector levers.
  • An extended and repositioned parking brake can be fitted to make the handle easier to reach.
  • Electric parking brakes (handbrake) can be operated at the touch of a button.



  • Light switches can be relocated to the right-hand side using a deflection lever.
  • Turn signals and windshield wipers can be repositioned if they cannot be operated with the left or right hand.
  • Electric remote controls on the steering wheel can replace manual operation.
  • Electrically adjustable and heated exterior mirrors are helpful.
  • Look for suitable handle shapes for operating the heating, air conditioning or radio, such as rotary knobs, sliding handles or flat push buttons.

Leg and foot restrictions:


Getting on board: Important considerations


  • Door opening angle: To make it easier to transfer directly from the wheelchair to the driver's seat, a wide-open door angle is required. This allows the wheelchair to be moved closer to the seat.
  • Seat height: For a smooth transfer into the vehicle, it is advantageous if both the wheelchair and the driver's seat are as equal in height as possible. The height and angle of the driver's seat should therefore be adjustable. If this is not sufficient, a subsequent seat height adjustment can be installed or the entire seat can be replaced.
  • Door threshold: A low door threshold is particularly important for people with leg and walking impairments.
  • Stand-up aid: An electrically operated, folding seat board between the driver's seat and door makes it easier to stand up. It can be mounted at the side and moved into a sitting or standing position.
  • Sliding boards: Mobile, sufficiently long sliding boards, which are placed on the edge of the wheelchair and driver's seat, or manually or motorized fold-out seat boards can serve as an entry and exit aid and can be mounted on the side of the car seat or the vehicle pillar (B-pillar).
  • Tailgate: A low tailgate makes access easier for people in wheelchairs. There are also variants that can be opened by remote control or at the touch of a button.
  • Seating: Seat: High side edges of the seat and backrest are important. However, seat bulges must be taken into account when transferring from a wheelchair. Good seat upholstery can help with pressure and pain sensitivity. It is possible to adapt the original seat or install an ergonomic seat with flatter padding and a harder cover. For retrofitted seats on adapters, make sure there is sufficient space in the footwell.
  • Seat rail extension: The seat must be able to be moved backwards to create sufficient space in the footwell - especially with leg stiffeners.

Driving: What matters


  • Automatic transmission: A vehicle with automatic transmission is often necessary, as many leg disabilities make it impossible to operate the clutch pedal. If necessary, the accelerator and brake pedals can be replaced by hand controls.
  • Pedal relocation: If the footwell is required for the right leg, the accelerator pedal can be relocated completely to the left next to the brake pedal, for example with right-sided prosthetic legs. Alternatively, an additional pedal can be installed on the left-hand side, which is connected to the original pedal via a linkage.
  • Manual control units: These enable manual acceleration and braking and can be installed in various places in the vehicle, for example on the right between the steering column and the center console, on the side of the steering wheel, on or below the steering wheel rim or on the left inside the door.
  • Lever throttle: The accelerator pedal is operated exclusively via a hand lever, which is mounted to the left or right of the steering wheel. This hand lever is connected to the foot pedal via a Bowden cable and is operated manually.
  • Foot pedal lock: This serves as protection against unintentional operation of the pedal, for example in the case of spasticity.


Active wheelchair user:


  • Is the vehicle interior high enough?
  • Is the vehicle suitable for side or rear entry?
  • Is the vehicle suitable for the installation of a ramp or lifting system?
  • How many seats should be retained?


Height of the vehicle interior:


Suitable vehicles for people with special needs are vans, minivans, transporters and other vehicles with a raised body. It may be necessary to lower the vehicle floor during the conversion, but this is not feasible for all vehicles.


Size of the vehicle interior:


To transport the power wheelchair to the driver's seat, seats must be removed from the vehicle. The size of the vehicle interior is crucial and depends on the number of seats required.


Side entry:


Side access requires the installation of a sliding door and, if necessary, an enlargement of the door cut-out. However, this is not possible for all vehicle types.


Rear entrance:


For rear access, a tailgate that opens upwards is often more advantageous than side-opening double doors. An electric tailgate makes it easier to operate from a wheelchair.


Ramps and lifting devices:


In order to get into the vehicle with the wheelchair, the difference in height between the road and the entry height of the vehicle must be overcome. The installation of ramps and lifting systems on the driver's side is generally not permitted and requires a suitable vehicle configuration. The removal of seats is necessary to create sufficient space, depending on the size of the vehicle and the dimensions of the wheelchair.


The height of the vehicle interior also plays a role. It may be necessary to partially cut out and lower the vehicle floor to ensure sufficient headroom. With lowered vehicles, attention must be paid to the height of the thresholds, especially in parking garage entrances and exits.


To transfer from the wheelchair to the driver's seat, the driver's seat must be moved into the appropriate position. The seat is automatically adjusted from the wheelchair using a remote control. Depending on the available space, the front passenger seat may also need to be removed.


Assistance systems:


  • Adaptive cruise control with stop-and-go function (integrated emergency braking function)
  • Automatic windshield wiper control
  • Light assistant
  • Emergency stop light
  • Tire pressure monitoring
  • Reversing assistant
  • Rear view camera
  • All-round camera
  • Crosswind assistant
  • Voice recognition (for telephone, navigation device and multimedia)
  • Lane departure warning
  • Blind spot assistant

Conversions for the car for the disabled: (driver and front passenger)

Hedge starter:


Wheelchair users have the option of having a standard model converted or extended to include a wheelchair space. With rear access, the person concerned can remain in the wheelchair during the journey and simply drive into the trunk of the vehicle via a ramp. There are different variants, including those with additional lowering of the vehicle up to the retractable ramp. The latter is practical, as the trunk can be used as normal when no wheelchair is being transported.


Entry aids:


Boarding aids are not only suitable for physically disabled people, but also for older people who have difficulty getting in and out of the vehicle. There are various devices available here:


Relocation aid:


An additional seat surface on the seat is folded down to reduce the distance to the vehicle sill. This makes it easier for both older people and wheelchair users to get in and out of the vehicle.


Swivel seat:


The swivel seat rotates out of the vehicle and comes towards the user. Usually used as a passenger seat, it offers comfort but requires space that the driver's seat often does not have due to the steering wheel.


Lifting seat:


The lift-up seat extends completely out of the vehicle so that you can sit outside the car and drive back into the interior with the seat. Combined swivel and lift-up seats unite the advantages of both devices.


Passenger elevator:


A passenger lift is particularly suitable for severely impaired or completely paralyzed people. A sling is placed around the back and over the thighs and secured in the passenger compartment with a lifting arm. The person can be easily lifted onto the car seat using a remote control.


Driving and operating aids:


The easiest way to convert a vehicle to make it accessible for disabled people is to use driving and operating aids. These include hand controls (hand throttle) or steering aids that allow you to turn the steering wheel with one hand. This makes driving easier for people with amputations or restricted leg movement. Accelerating or braking by hand control is possible, but requires a car with automatic transmission.


Entry-level solutions:


Sliding door entrances are available with or without electric steps. There are also steps for both sliding doors and front doors.


Wheelchair solutions:


Wheelchair as driver's seat (also for more severe disabilities): We offer the option of integrating the wheelchair directly as a driver's seat. This solution enables people with varying degrees of disability to drive the vehicle independently, thus ensuring the greatest possible independence.


Wheelchair lifts and access ramps:


Easy access to the vehicle is crucial. Our wheelchair lifts and access ramps ensure barrier-free entry and exit, regardless of the local conditions.


Wheelchair transport vehicles: We offer specially adapted vehicles for the safe and comfortable transportation of wheelchairs. These not only ensure safe transportation, but also optimum securing of the wheelchair during the journey.


Example: muscular dystrophy:


  • Cassette lift for minibuses
  • Driving and swivel driver's seats
  • E-wheelchair as driver's seat
  • Passenger lifts, for example, via a suction/blow switch
  • Adapted driving systems for steering, accelerator and brakes

As far as the cost of a conversion is concerned, there is no general answer. However, a rough overview shows that a swivel seat costs around 3,000 euros, a hand control system starts at 2,500 euros, and at least 7,000 euros must be budgeted for a rear entry.

Disability-friendly vehicle conversions for companies: Inclusion in the workplace

Promoting inclusion in the workplace has gained enormous importance in recent years. Companies are increasingly recognizing the value that diversity and inclusion bring to their teams. A crucial step towards inclusion is to allow disabled employees access to different work areas, even if these require vehicles. This is where accessible vehicle conversions come into play.


One example of successful implementation is the conversion of agricultural vehicles such as tractors. Through adaptations such as special seats, controls and ramps, people with physical disabilities can operate these vehicles without any problems. This enables them to participate fully in agricultural activities and at the same time creates a more inclusive working environment. Accessible vehicle conversions are also essential in the transportation sector. Buses, trucks and forklift trucks can be equipped with special entrances, controls and ramps. This gives employees with mobility impairments the opportunity to work in various sectors, whether in passenger transportation, logistics or goods distribution.


Even in the urban environment, inclusion is becoming increasingly important thanks to vehicle conversions for the disabled. The conversion of cars and VW buses enables people with disabilities to be more independent not only at work, but also in everyday life. Barrier-free mobility not only contributes to professional integration, but also promotes independence and quality of life. Vehicles in the construction and industrial sectors, such as caterpillars and special utility vehicles, should also not be forgotten. Individual adaptations also enable people with disabilities to work successfully in various occupational fields. Overall, vehicle conversions for the disabled show that inclusion is not only an ethical obligation, but also creates economic added value. Companies that invest in the integration of their employees benefit from a more diverse and efficient team that can successfully meet the challenges of the modern working world.


In this way, you ensure compliance with the 5% rule in accordance with Section 71/1 of the German Social Code and give people with disabilities prospects on the labor market.

FAQ on converting cars for the disabled:

How much is the vehicle tax reduction for cars adapted for the disabled?

To benefit from a vehicle tax reduction, the following conditions must be met:


  • Severe disability: existence of a severe disability with a degree of disability (GdB) of 50 or more
  • Impairment in road traffic: Significant impairment of mobility in road traffic (mark G) or deafness (mark Gl)
  • Waiver of free transportation: Waiver of the right to free transportation by public transport
  • Vehicle registration: The vehicle is registered to the person with the severe disability. People with an orange-colored ID card without an endorsement or with the symbol "G" (walking disabled) can benefit from a 501TP3 vehicle tax reduction. However, this tax reduction is only granted if the right to free transportation on public transport is waived.
Who is fully exempt from vehicle tax?

For people who are considered severely disabled and have an orange-colored ID card with the endorsements "H" (helpless), "BI" (blind) or "aG" (exceptionally disabled), a full exemption from vehicle tax is granted. To receive this tax exemption, the following criteria must be met:


  • Severe disability: existence of a severe disability with a degree of disability (GdB) of 50 or more
  • Characteristics: Characteristic sign: exceptionally disabled (aG), blind (Bl) and/or helpless (H)
  • Vehicle registration: The vehicle is registered to the person with the severe disability
  • People with these characteristics and a GdB of 50 or more are therefore granted a full exemption from vehicle tax.



For people with severe disabilities, in particular with characteristics such as "G" (severely disabled), "aG" (exceptionally disabled), "H" (helpless) or "Bl" (blind), there are tax benefits in accordance with the Income Tax Act (EStG). These include


  • Unavoidable private journeys: Up to 15,000 km per year can be declared as expenses in the tax return.
  • Lump sum since 2021: A lump sum of 4,500 euros per year is available for additional trips, such as visits, vacations or leisure activities.
  • Additional travel costs: Within "reasonable limits" (up to 3,000 km per year), travel costs for private journeys, such as shopping or visits to the authorities, can be claimed.
  • Different means of transport: Journeys can be made by different means of transport such as car, cab, bus or train.
  • Calculation of the remuneration: The tax office calculates the remuneration on the basis of mileage allowances or ticket prices.
  • Proof of the degree of disability: A degree of disability of at least 80 or a GdB of 70 plus the mark "G" is required.
  • Lump sum without itemized receipts: Since the 2021 tax return, 900 euros can be deducted as a lump sum for disability-related travel expenses without itemization
How much does a vehicle conversion for the disabled cost?

The costs vary depending on the type of disability and the conversions required. They can range from a few thousand to several tens of thousands of euros. Many manufacturers grant discounts and subsidies are also available. Find out more in the guide above in the financial grants for conversions, new cars and used cars section.

Who pays for disabled-friendly conversions?

First and foremost, the persons concerned are responsible for the costs themselves. One possible financing option is to apply for funding, such as motor vehicle assistance. However, there are certain requirements that must be met.

Who receives motor vehicle assistance?

In order to be entitled to motor vehicle assistance, certain conditions must be met, including


  • The disability is not only temporary.
  • The vehicle is necessary to reach the workplace.
  • The person concerned carries out a professional activity.
Can I register my car to my disabled child?

Yes, it is possible for the parents to register the car for the disabled child. However, the vehicle may only be used for special trips that benefit the child, such as dropping off or picking up from facilities.

What does a conversion to hand throttle cost?

The cost of converting to hand throttle varies depending on the provider and type of installation. As a rule, however, you should expect conversion costs of several thousand euros.

How does a car with hand throttle work?

The way a car with hand throttle works can vary depending on the design. A lever is often used, which is turned clockwise to accelerate. Braking is done by pushing the lever forward, whereby the hand movements are transferred to the pedals.

Can all cars be adapted for the disabled?

Yes, as long as the conversions meet the individual needs of the person, any car can generally be converted into a disabled vehicle. A wheelchair-accessible car or a disabled-accessible car with a wheelchair ramp is therefore also no problem.

Does an expert opinion have to be drawn up for the conversions?

Yes, both a medical and an aptitude report are required. In addition, an expert opinion is required in accordance with Section 11 of the German Driving License Ordinance (FeV).

Will the costs for a conversion be covered?

Discounts on purchases are not uncommon, and subsidies are also possible. You can find more information on this topic here.

Do I need separate vehicle insurance for vehicle conversions for the disabled?

Extra insurance for the additional equipment is not necessary.

How have sales of disabled-access vehicles developed?

Bus and train companies in Germany have become better at meeting the needs of wheelchair users, although there is still room for improvement. Cab services in many German cities have improved significantly thanks to progressive cab companies that have added wheelchair accessible vehicles to their fleets. Community transportation providers are increasingly relying on more maneuverable and comfortable wheelchair accessible minibuses and people carriers to provide more responsive, accessible transportation services. Today, individual vehicles for the disabled hardly differ from the usual street scene in terms of appearance and quality. The decisive factor is that they have become more affordable for the average disabled person.

Buying new and used cars with disabilities (advertisements)

Here you will find some advertisements from popular marketplaces for car sales as well as the websites of the car brands:


Are there any other advice centers on the subject of "Driving with a disability?
  • ADAC e.V.
    • 80686 Munich
    • State: Bavaria
  • Bruderhilfe e. V. automobile and road safety club
    • 34117 Kassel
    • Federal state: Hesse
  • Bund behinderter Auto-Besitzer e.V. (BbAB)
    • 66450 Bexbach
    • Federal state: Saarland
  • Driving school and advice center for people with disabilities
    • 75337 Enzklösterle
    • Federal state: Baden-Württemberg
  • Mobil mit Behinderung e.V.
    • 76751 Jockgrim
    • Federal state: Rhineland-Palatinate
    • 10245 Berlin
    • Federal state: Berlin
  • REHADAT car adaptation
    • 50668 Cologne
    • Federal state: North Rhine-Westphalia
    • 30519 Hanover
    • Federal state: Lower Saxony
    • 80686 Munich
    • State: Bavaria
  • Association for citizen-oriented transport policy e.V. Mobil mit Behinderung
    • 10437 Berlin
    • Federal state: Berlin
Vehicle conversion wheelchair costs

Converting a car for wheelchair accessibility costs between EUR 7,000 and EUR 15,000 on average, depending on the car. A wheelchair lift for the car is not as expensive as a wheelchair loading system. Converting a car for wheelchair users can therefore vary greatly depending on the model and access. Wheelchair safety systems are relatively inexpensive, but if you want to load a wheelchair yourself, you will have to expect higher costs. There are different ways to have a car wheelchair conversion carried out. The wheelchair loading aid price therefore depends on the type of entry and the car model used for wheelchair transportation in the car. A wheelchair lift for cars, i.e. a wheelchair car conversion, is one of the largest car conversion measures. Converting a car for wheelchair accessibility costs around EUR 10,000. 

Cost absorption wheelchair ramp car

Please read our section above on the subsidy. Wheelchair-accessible cars are subsidized, i.e. wheelchair conversions for cars and a transfer aid from wheelchair to car. Possible options include a wheelchair ramp for the car, a wheelchair lift for the car, a ramp for the wheelchair or the direct purchase of a car for wheelchair users. We will be happy to advise you and recommend wheelchair-accessible vehicles or wheelchair-accessible cars with a wheelchair ramp (car for wheelchair users). If you are interested in buying a new car, we will be happy to recommend wheelchair loading systems, wheelchair ramps for cars, wheelchair-accessible cars or a car wheelchair ramp. The car wheelchair ramp installation is carried out by one of our many partners. For example, the VW Caddy is suitable for wheelchairs. It is perfect as a car for disabled people with a wheelchair. The Caddy with wheelchair ramp has often been arranged by us. If you ask us "Best car for wheelchair users", then the VW Caddy is a good option, because it is well suited as a car for wheelchair users, but there are also other good alternatives. The purchase of a wheelchair-accessible vehicle should be carefully considered. For passive drivers, a car with rear access for wheelchairs is sometimes more suitable. In summary, we cannot give you a general answer to the question of which car is particularly suitable for wheelchair transportation, but we will be happy to advise you individually and then find suitable partners for you. 

Converted cars for wheelchair users

Are you wondering how to get into a car as a wheelchair user or do you want to buy a wheelchair-accessible car straight away? That depends on whether you are a self-driver or a passenger. Furthermore, whether it should be a new car or whether you want to buy a used wheelchair-accessible car. We will be happy to advise you, because the CW Caddy wheelchair conversion costs differ greatly from the Citroen Berlingo for wheelchair transportation. A wheelchair loading aid for the trunk is more expensive than a simple swivel seat. The most common conversion is the CQ Caddy wheelchair conversion. For less complex conversions, simple car seats for wheelchair users or the installation of a wheelchair in the trunk are also suitable. It is more difficult, but not impossible, if you want to transport a power wheelchair in the car. If you want to lift the wheelchair user into the car, you usually need a complete vehicle wheelchair conversion so that the wheelchair user can get into the car. There are side lifts or rear access for wheelchair users. Both have the advantage that the wheelchair can be transported. But how do you lift the wheelchair into the car? This is possible, for example, with the Robot r11 wheelchair loading system or other wheelchair loading aids. Are you looking for a disabled car with a wheelchair ramp or vehicles for wheelchair transportation? Talk to us! 

What is an accessible vehicle?

An "accessible vehicle" is a car that has been specially modified to meet the needs of people with physical disabilities. It includes adaptations such as hand controls, ramps or swivel seats.

Can you continue to drive after a stroke?

"Driving after a stroke" is possible as long as the person receives medical clearance from their doctor and the vehicle is adapted to their new needs. "Driving aids for the disabled" can provide support.

Is there financial support for the conversion of a vehicle?

Yes, there are often "disabled car grants" from various sources, such as the "car care fund grant". These are intended to ease the "hand throttle conversion costs" or "pedal conversion costs".

Where can I buy a wheelchair-accessible car?

You can "buy a disabled vehicle" from specialized dealers or service providers who offer "buy disabled vehicles" or "buy disabled vehicles". There are also "search disabled vehicle" platforms that list used options.

Can I have any car converted for the disabled?

Many vehicles can be "car conversion handicapped accessible", but not all. It is important to speak to a specialist company to understand the options and "car conversion hand throttle costs".


Adapting vehicles for people with disabilities


Mobility is an essential need for all people, and for people with disabilities, "accessible cars" offer an essential opportunity to maintain their independence. Many people ask the question: "How much does an accessible car cost?" The answer depends on a number of factors, including the extent of the "disabled car conversion" required.


Anyone who decides to buy such a vehicle should know that some manufacturers offer special conditions. "Which car manufacturer gives the most disability discount" and "which car manufacturer gives a discount for severely disabled people" are therefore relevant questions when it comes to costs. Inquiries can also be made to the "disability-friendly car health insurance fund" to clarify whether "disability-friendly car cost coverage" is possible.


In particular, "self-drive cars for the disabled" must be equipped with special features such as "disabled car with hand throttle" or a "disabled car with swivel seat" in order to provide the necessary support. A "self-drive accessible car" can be customized to meet the specific needs of the driver.


If you already own a vehicle, you can "convert your car for the disabled". There is often the option of receiving a "disabled-friendly car conversion grant". The "car conversion costs for the disabled" vary depending on the extent of the adaptations, such as the "car conversion costs for the disabled".


Car conversions for the disabled", "car conversions for the disabled" or "car conversions for the disabled" are complex processes that are carried out by specialized providers. These "car conversion for the disabled" measures can range from simple adaptations such as "car conversion to hand throttle" to more complex conversions such as the installation of ramps for "cars for wheelchairs".


The adaptation of vehicles for "vehicles for people with disabilities" requires specialized knowledge and skills. Whether you are looking for a "car for people with disabilities" or a "new car behind